The type of lighting you use plays an important role in your home. It can be a reflection of your personality, and provide an infinite number of purposes. With the right interior lighting, you can create a welcoming atmosphere, a romantic mood, or a bright and energetic place to work. With a combination of different interior lighting types, you can set a lighting scheme that will satisfy your functional needs, and create an environment you can feel at peace with.
In this piece, we will look at the basic types of interior lighting, and the various lighting shapes and forms of each. Times have changed, and lighting doesn’t have to come from bulky table lamps or bright fluorescent bulbs. Now, with the touch of a switch your lighting source can be controlled by a mood-setting dimmer switch, or even remote control.

General Lighting or ambient lighting – General lighting is defined as your primary source of illumination, used to replace sunlight. It radiates a level of brightness that allows you to see without straining, provides light so you can see or walk around the home, and is the light source that you use on a frequent basis. Some examples of general lighting include chandeliers, pendant lighting, recessed lighting, track lighting, ceiling mounted light fixtures, or wall mounted light fixtures.

Task Lighting – Task lighting provides a small area of light for specific tasks. Task lighting helps prevent eye strain, and is often seen above desks and other workstations, or entertainment areas such as pool and card tables. Some examples of task lighting include pendant lighting, under cabinet lighting, chandeliers with down lights, recessed lighting, portable lamps, and track lighting.

Accent Lighting or feature lighting – Accent lighting instantly creates visual interest to any space, and is something you frequently you see in outdoor lighting. It is often used to illuminate shrubbery, sculptures, and other landscaping. Adding accent lighting to the interior of your home is popular, as it can be used to spotlight paintings, alcoves, bookcases, or other prized possessions. Some examples of accent lighting include recessed lighting, under cabinet lighting, portable lamps, track lighting, or wall mounted fixtures.

Now that we’ve discussed the basic types of interior lighting, let us briefly examine several various lighting shapes and forms.


Chandeliers are available in many styles and materials. They can be used as general lighting or, if they are designed with a downlight, can be used as task lighting as well.

Ceiling mounted fixtures

Ceiling mounted fixtures create a safe passageway into other rooms of the house. They can be installed flush to the ceiling, or with a slight chain drop down. Ceiling mounted fixtures can be used as general lighting, or when controlled with a dimmer, used a task lighting also.

Wall mounted light fixtures

Wall mounted light fixtures are commonly seen in the bedroom. They can be used as general lighting or task lighting when reading in bed.

Track lighting

Track lighting is a versatile lighting source as it can swivel, change direction, or be used as a spotlight to a specific area. It can be used as general lighting, task lighting, and accent lighting.

Recessed lighting

Recessed lighting is hidden out of sight, as they are installed in the ceiling. They can be used in any room of the house, regardless of ceiling height or room size. Recessed lighting is versatile, as it can be used for general lighting, task lighting, or accent lighting.

Portable lamps

Portable lamps are popular because they can be moved effortlessly, and provide a flexible light source. Used as general lighting, task lighting, or even accent lighting, you are available in many forms and shapes to fit any décor. Table lamps, floor lamps, and desk lamps are some of the most popular portable lamps available.

To learn more about how to set the mood with your lighting, read this helpful article entitled, “Create a cozy ambiance in your living room”.


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Personal knowledge amp; experience